In this article, we will study how the current graphics have evolved over time, thus helping us interact with such great interfaces and improving our user experience.


History of Computer Graphics

So, the development of computer graphics started in the early 1950 s, when jobs like Whirlwind and Sage developed the Cathode Ray Tube which was used to display visual graphics and a light pen was used as an input device to write on the board. In 1895, the first video game- Tennis for two with interactive graphics was developed by William Higinbotham to entertain the visitors at the Brookhaven National Laboratory. Later on, many advancements were done in the same decade like the development of a TX2 computer along with sketchpad software which helped to draw basic influences on the screen utilizing a light pen and saving them for future use.


E.E. Zajac First Computer Animated Film

The term’ Computer Graphics’ was coined by William Fetter in 1960. In 1963, E.E. Zajac, of the Bell Telephone Laboratory established a movie exerting livings and graphics which could demo the free movement of persons of spacecrafts and their change in altitudes around the orbit of the Earth. In the late 1960 s, IBM too started its development in this field of computer graphics. IBM exhausted the first graphic computer for commercial abuse- IBM 2250. In 1966, Ralph Baer developed a simple video game in which one could move points of light on a screen. In 1966, Ivan Sutherland invented the first head-mounted display which contained two separate wireframe images and contributed a 3D effect.


Edwin Catmull created an animation of his hand opening and closing

The 1970 s determined a major change in computer graphics that enabled practical computer graphics technology like the MOS LSI technology. Edwin Catmull generated an living of his hand opening and closing. Along with him, his classmate, Fred Parke caused an animation of his wife’s face. John Warnock, on of the earlier pioneers, founded Adobe Systems, which, we all know is today one of the most used software for editing and photoshop. This gave a major breakthrough in the field of computer graphics. In 1977, a major advancement in 3D computer graphics was created to draw a 3D representation of an object on the screen, which acts as a groundwork for most future developments. Last-minute on, numerous modern video games were developed like the 2D video game arcade, Pong, Speed game, Gunfight, Space Invaders, etc.


Atari Games

With such developments taking place, modernization and commercialization had begun in the 1980 s. In the early 1980 s, high-resolution computer graphics and personal computer systems began to revolutionize computer graphics. Many CPU microprocessors and microcontrollers were developed to give birth to countless Graphical Processing Unit( GPU) chips. In 1982, Japan’s Osaka University developed a supercomputer that used 257 Zilog Z8 001 microprocessors to display realistic 3D graphics. The 1980 s was called the golden era for videos games. Many companionships like Atari, Nintendo, and Sega presented computer graphics with a whole new interface to the audience. Company like Apple, Macs, and Amiga, allowed users to program their own games. Real-time improvements were constructed in 3D graphics in arcade recreations. In this decade, the use of computer graphics was extended to countless industries like the vehicle industries, vehicle designing, vehicle pretending, chemistry, etc.


toy story 1995

The 1990 s was a period where 3D computer graphics abounded and were developed on a mass proportion. In this period, 3D examples became favourite in gaming, multimedia, and animations. In the early 1990 s, the first computer graphic TV series- La Vie Des Betes was released in France. In 1995, Pixar exhausted its first serious busines enlivened cinema- Toy Story, which was a huge success, both commercially and in the field of computer graphics very. In the same decade, many 3D sports like scooting games, first-person shooter games, contending competitions like Virtual Fighter, Tekken, and one of the most famous SuperMario began to lure the audience with its boundary and gaming know. Since these advancements, computer graphics continued to be more realistic and restrained developing and expanded their use in various fields.



In the 1990 s, video games and cinema became the mainstream of computer graphics. CGI was used for television ads widely in the late 1990 s and 2000 s, and it enticed a large chunk of gathering. The wide vogue of computer graphics shaped 3D graphics a standard feature to be used in most studies. Many improvements were done and computer graphics used in films and videos competitions were procreated more realistic to lure the audience on a large scale. Many cartoon films like the Ice Age, Madagascar, Finding Nemo became one of “the worlds largest” favorites of the gathering and reigned the box office. Many computer-generated feature films were grown like Final Fantasy: The Atmosphere Within, Polar Express, and Star Wars which extorted a lot of attention at that point in time.

Video activities very determined a major amend with the liberate of Sony Playstation 2 and 3, Microsoft Xbox attracting the audience. Numerous lines of video games like Grand Theft Auto, Assassin’s Creed, Final Fantasy, Bio Shock, Kingdom Hearts, Mirror’s Edge, and many other thrived the video game industry and could still impress the masses.


playstation 1 games

In the 2010 s, CGI expanded its use and supplied graphics in real-time at ultra-high-resolution modes in 4K. Most of the animated movies are CGI now and involve animated pictures and 3D animations. In video games, Microsoft Xbox, and Sony PlayStation 4 began to dominate the 3D nature and are one of the most popular among users in the present time too.

Since then, the world countries of computer graphics has hindered developing and received a lot of admire from the gathering for enriching its experience and provisioning a great programme to interact with high-resolution computer graphics. So, this is all about its own history of computer graphics.

The post History of Computer Graphics- 1950 s to 2010 s appeared first on The Crazy Programmer.

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