Peter Daszak, President of EcoHealth Alliance, is a top technical traitor, gift columnist and spokesperson for virus hunters and gain-of-function/ dual-use researchers, in laboratories both military and civilian.
Daszak works with dozens of high-containment laboratories around the world that rally pathogens and use genetic engineering and synthetic biology to originate them more virulent, infectious, destructive or drug-resistant. These include laboratories controlled by the U.S. Department of Defense, in countries in the former Soviet Union, the Middle East, South East Asia and Africa.
Many of these laboratories are staffed by onetime biological artilleries scientists.( See Arms Watch’s reports. 1) Before the Biological Weapons Convention was ratified, such research was called what it is: biological weapons study. Now, it’s euphemistically announced gain-of-function or dual-use research.
Gain-of-function research to modify coronaviruses for the infection of humans2 goes back to 1999 or earlier, 3 years before the first story coronavirus outbreak. On behalf of the U.S. government, often the military, Daszak scours the globe for animal pathogens and wreaks them back to the lab to be catalogued, explored and operated.
Daszak and others justify their investigate this room: If/ When an outbreak of a new virus occurs, they can compare it to the ones in their labs, and maybe glean how the romance virus emerged. A recent Wired magazine article4 quoting Daszak described how a virus collected in 2012 was found to be a 96% competitor to SARS-CoV-2 in 2020 😛 TAGEND
“The search for the source of SARS- which killed more than 770 people twenty years ago- has given us a headstart for the current hunt.
Wearing hazmat suits and furnished with cloud webs, a unit from the Wuhan Institute of Virology, together with the ecologist and chairwoman of EcoHealth Alliance Peter Daszak, ventured into limestone caves to collect faeces and blood samples from thousands of roosting bats before testing them for novel coronaviruses in the lab.
‘At the time, we were looking forward to SARS-related viruses, and this one was 20 percent different, ‘ says Daszak. ‘We thought it’s interesting, but not high-risk. So we didn’t do anything about it and set it in the freezer.’
The group has attained around 500 bat-borne viruses in China over the last 16 times, but exclusively pennant those that most resembled SARS to the authorities- a lack of funding meant they couldn’t further investigate the virus striving now known to be 96 percentage genetically same to the virus that starts Covid-1 9. “
Interesting though that tale is, it fails to explain how SARS-CoV-2 evolved. Some scientists say it would make 50 years5 for RaTG1 3 to turn into SARS-CoV-2. Others propose theories6 on how the virus might have progressed so quickly, yet still suspect that it fled from the Wuhan lab.
Certainly, to learn that the closest known relative to SARS-CoV-2 has been in the care of the gain-of-function researchers at the Wuhan Institute of Virology( WIV) for seven years does nothing to allay thoughts that the virus infected humen merely after being tinkered with in a laboratory. 7
Still, the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases is going all-in on virus hunting. The organization merely announced a five-year, $82 -million8 investment in a new global structure of Centre for Research in Emerging Infectious Diseases, including gain-of-function experiments to “determine what genetic or other conversions impel[ animal] pathogens capable of polluting humans.”
Daszak’s EcoHealth Alliance are able to obtain $7.5 million9 from project grants. This is on top of $ 100.9 million1 0 that EcoHealth Alliance has received in government concedes and contracts since 2003.( What was that Daszak said about how “a lack of funding meant they couldn’t further investigate the virus sprain now known to be 96 -percent genetically same to the virus that effects Covid-1 9″11 )?
Critics1 2 of virus hunting say scientists like Daszak could make a greater contribution to human health by extending after the viruses that often foul humen , not the ones that never have. Harmonizing to a 2018 Smithsonian Magazine report: 13
“Not everyone is considered that see viruses and their hotspots is the best way to prevent pandemics. Dr. Robert B. Tesh, a virologist at the University of Texas Medical Branch, says we don’t understand enough about zoonotic viruses to create predictive examples. ‘A lot of the stuff they create is publicity . … It’s more PR than science.'”
Daszak’s experiment might be more hype1 4 and public relations than science, but the Department of Homeland Security’s National Biosurveillance Integration Center( NBIC) has chosen to rely on it. NBIC dedicated Daszak’s EcoHealth Alliance a $2.2 -million1 5 contract( 2016 -2 019) to create a “Ground Truth Network”1 6 of “subject matter experts” who could provide “contextual message pertaining to biological events.”
The context1 7 Daszak invariably supports is a compelling one. Destruction of woodlands and other encroachments on wildlife habitats, specially the hunting of wild animals and the sale of live animals in dry business, is forcing humans and swine into uncomfortable closenes. This is bad for vulnerable and threatened species, as well as for humen who are at increasing risk for contracting romance zoonotic diseases.
Who isn’t offended and scandalized to be noted that people eat bats, or that marvelously strange and charming animals you’ve never heard of — pangolins, civet felines — have had their environments destroyed and are now being sold for meat at live animal groceries? Daszak’s framing of the issue — what has come to be known as the One Health approach — has been earnestly embraced by the U.S. military.
But what if the legends being spun by Daszak and his companion government-supported subject matter professionals aren’t supported by the evidence? Let’s look at EcoHealth Alliance’s tale about Ebola and bushmeat.
False-hearted Narrative, Tragic Outcomes
From 2011 to 2014, Ecohealth Alliance had a $164,480 purchase order contract from the Core for Disease Control in Pittsburgh for “Bushmeat.” No more information than that is available on that contract( HHSD2 002011 M41641P18 ), but the money likely funded a article Daszak and his colleagues be made available in 2012.
The 2012 paper, 19 “Zoonotic Viruses Associated with Illegally Imported Wildlife Commodity, ” is available in August 2014, at the high levels of the West African Ebola pandemic, as the criteria for a Newsweek article titled, “Smuggled Bushmeat Is Ebola’s Back Door to America.”2 0
The article, which quoted an EcoHealth Alliance spokesman, spread a false( not to mention racist and nationalist) narrative, one that subsequently would be fully discredited, 21 that bushmeat smuggled to the U.S. from Africa could channel Ebola to Americans.
In January 2015, a meeting of the UK Bushmeat Working Group assembled. The group countered Daszak’s misinformation with the facts of the case, in an article named, “Ebola and Bushmeat: Myth and Reality.”2 2 The article stated 😛 TAGEND
“As the Ebola virus can remain feasible in untreated carcasses for up to 3-4 periods, there is a risk of transporting it to bushmeat markets( although there is no evidence of this to date ).
However, the risk of transmitting Ebola in bushmeat overseas to Europe or the USA is extremely low, given the total travel meter and the fact that these corpses are frequently inhaled( which probably inactivates the virus ). The threat of spread to new places lies with the movement of polluted parties , not infected meat.”
Tragically, the misinformation about bushmeat as a primary begin of Ebola transfer had already been informed about West Africans in the middle of the crisis, through international state syndicates, including Daszak’s funder, 23 the U.S. Cores for Disease Control and Prevention( CDC ).
Daszak’s misinformation campaign overshadowed the truth — that the only way Ebola was actually being moved during the pandemic was via linked with the bodily fluids of beings sick with Ebola, or with their corpses.
Perpetuating Mythical Theories
The SARS pandemic is another instance where Daszak’s possibilities didn’t pan out. It is commonly accepted that the SARS pandemic began in 2002,24 when humen caught a bat virus from civet cats at a humid sell in Guangdong, China. But Daszak and his traitors declare they have no evidence to explain how the virus leapt from bats to civets to humans.
SARS-CoV was found in civets at the Guangdong wet market, but civets aren’t the natural supply of this virus. At-bats are. Exclusively the civets at world markets — and no farm-raised or wild civets — carried the virus. None of the animal traders handled with civets at the market had SARS.
When Daszak and his traitors at the WIV2 5 probed the cave in Yunnan for strivings of coronavirus similar to human copies , no single bat actually had SARS. Genetic cases of the various sprains would have to be recombined to make up the human version. Adding to the fluster, Yunnan is about 1,000 kilometers from Guangdong.
So, how did viruses from bats in Yunnan combine to become deadly to humans, and then travel to civets and people in Guangdong, without cause any illness along the way during this 1,000 kilometer tour? No one knows. Exactly like no one knows how SARS-CoV-2, the virus that cases COVID-1 9, leapt from at-bats to pangolins to humen.
( The most pressing study, “Broad host range of SARS-CoV-2 anticipated by comparative and structural analysis of ACE2 in vertebrates”2 6 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Discipline, 27 testified that the SARS-CoV-2, which pollutes human cells through fastening of the viral Spike protein to ACE2, has a “very high” binding affinity to ACE2 in “Old World” monkeys apes, and humen.
But in at-bats, the binding attraction is “low” and in pangolins it is “very low.” The generators likewise memo that “neither experimental infection nor in vitro illnes with SARS-CoV-2 has been reported for pangolins.”)
Daszak continues to tell his bat-origin story, 28 but the science doesn’t back it up. That — along with the fact that dozens of laboratories handle “gain-of-function”2 9 research on at-bat coronaviruses and there are troubling safety issues3 0 at these labs — is why the National Institutes of Health( NIH) is investigating the opportunities that SARS-CoV-2 fled from a lab.
Inquiring Thinker at the NIH Want to Know
On July 8, the NIH sent a letter3 1 to Daszak asking EcoHealth Alliance to arrange for an inspection of the WIV by an outside squad that would examine the facility’s lab and records “with specific attention to addressing the question of whether WIV faculty had SARS-CoV-2 in their control prior to December 2019. ”
The WIV and the Wuhan University School of Public Health are listed as subcontractors for EcoHealth Alliance under a $3.7 -million NIH grant3 2 entitled, “Understanding the Risk of Bat Coronavirus Emergence.”
The two institutions likewise labor as collaborators under another $2.6 -million gift, 33 “Risk of Viral Emergence from At-bat, ” and under EcoHealth Alliance’s largest single source of funding, a $44.2 million sub-grant3 4 from the University of California at Davis for the PREDICT project( 2015 -2 020 ).
It’s the $44.2 -million PREDICT concession that EcoHealth Alliance used to fund3 5 the gain-of-function experiment by WIV scientist Zhengli Shi and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill’s Ralph Baric. 36
Shi and Baric exerted genetic engineering and synthetic biology to create a “new bat SARS-like virus … that can jump-start directly from its at-bat hosts to humans.” Daszak described the exertion being done by Shi and Baric in a 2019 interview: 37
“You can manipulate them[ coronaviruses] in the lab pretty easily. Spike protein drives a good deal of what the fuck is up with the coronavirus, zoonotic gamble. So, you can get the sequence, you can build the protein, and we work with Ralph Baric at UNC to do this. Insert it into a linchpin of another virus, and do some work in the lab.”
The work, “A SARS-like gather of running bat coronaviruses proves potential for human rise, “3 8 published in Nature in 2015 during the NIH’s moratorium3 9 on gain-of-function research, was grandfathered in because it was initiated before the standstill( officially called the U.S. Government Deliberative Process Research Funding Pause on Selected Gain-of-Function Research Involving Influenza, MERS and SARS Viruses ), and because the request by Shi and Baric to continue their research during the moratorium was approved by the NIH.
As a condition of publication, Nature, like most technical magazines, requires4 0 columnists to submit new DNA and RNA sequences to GenBank, the U.S. National Center for Biotechnology Information Database. Yet the brand-new SARS-like virus Shi and Baric formed wasn’t deposited4 1 in GenBank until May 2020.
Why Stop With Wuhan?
NIH is right to require that the WIV’s lab and records be opened to outside supervisors. But why is the government focusing on only one of EcoHealth Alliance’s projects, when the syndicate have already received $ 100.9 million4 2 in concessions, primarily from the Department of Defense, to sample, store and study bat coronaviruses at labs various regions of the world?
Coronaviruses, both those that have been collected from animals and those that have been created through genetic engineering and synthetic biology, at all of these laboratories should be compared with SARS-CoV-2.
Daszak’s collaborators working under contracts with the Department of Health and Human Work( HHS) aren’t accepted to conduct gain-of-function research unless specific has agreed to do so by the Potential Pandemic Pathogen Care and Oversight( P3CO) committee. This committee was set up as a condition for lifting4 3 the 2014 -2 017 moratorium on gain-of-function research.
The P3CO committee operates in confidential. Not even a membership list has been secreted. The only intelligence provided to the public is that Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response Robert Kadlec4 4 appointed HHS Senior Science Advisor Christian Hassell4 5 as its chair.
It’s time to open the records of the PC3O committee’s exchanges and decisions to examine all gain-of-function research on coronaviruses. And every lab controlling these viruses should have their coronaviruses compared to SARS-CoV-2.
The Pentagon’s Defense Threat Reduction Agency( DTRA) for its Cooperative Biological Engagement Program( now called the Biological Threat Reduction Program) isn’t supposed to fund gain-of-function( “whats called” “dual-use”4 6) experiment at all.
It’s time to determine whether this prohibition on “dual-use” funding has been adhered to, especially in light of the investments the Pentagon is making across the globe in the construction of new laboratories for the “consolidation and locking of pathogens.” DTRA’s goal was to destroy the biological artilleries programs of hostile or destabilized countries.
Instead it is being used to develop brand-new biological weapons programs in dozens of countries around the macrocosm.
Even if these programmes are strictly defensive, they proliferate, across the globe, pathogens with pandemic potential, even though it’s been difficult to keep these dangerous germs under command here in the U.S.( See “The Global Proliferation of High-Containment Biological Laboratories: Understanding the Phenomenon and Its Consequence, “4 7 and the Government Accountability Office’s reports, “Biological Select Agents and Toxins: Activities Needed to Improve Management of DOD’s Biosafety and Biosecurity Program, “4 8 and “High-containment Laboratories: Thorough and Up-to-Date Program and Stronger Oversight Mechanisms Needed to Improve Safety”4 9 ).
EcoHealth’s Tentacles Reach Far and Wide
EcoHealth Alliance is very much involved in the Pentagon’s proliferation of high-containment biological laboratories. It is conducting DTR-Afunded work in the following countries, which are all participants in the Pentagon’s Biological Threat Reduction Program. 50
* Tanzania — In Tanzania, a number of countries that is considered only “partly free, “5 1 which has a history of foreign medical experimentation5 2 and which didn’t ratify the Biological Weapons Convention5 3 until 2019, EcoHealth Alliance has a$ 5-million Pentagon contract, 54 “Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever: Reducing an Emerging Health Threat in Tanzania.”
Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever( CCHF) 55 is a tick-borne disease, initially only infecting animals, that was discovered by Ottis and Calista Causey while working for the Rockefeller Foundation in Nigeria. There was only ever one case5 6 of CCHF in Tanzania, and that was in 1986.
Gain-of-function research5 7 on CCHF is being conducted at the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Bio and Agro-Defense Facility( NBAF) to determine the “mechanisms of CCHF transmission including development of CCHF tick and animal infection methods and CCHF tick-animal transfer models.”( The National Bio and Agro Defense Facility will take over the mission of the Plum Island Animal Disease Center and become the lead equipment for Foreign Animal Disease research .)
The National Bio and Agro Defense Facility Biosafety Level 4( BSL4) Zoonotic and Emerging Infectious Disease team’s CCHF Virus Surveillance Project5 8 is investigating “the interface between click vectors, sheep and pastoralist and resource-poor farm communities in Tanzania” as well as the disease’s “molecular pathogenesis.”
Tanzania is the origin of chikungunya, 59 a mosquito-borne virus that the U.S. has long cultivated6 0 as a possible biological weapon. are consistent with a patent6 1 held by the University of Texas for a “chimeric” chikungunya virus caused through genetic engineering and synthetic biology 😛 TAGEND
“The 39 documented laboratory illness reported by HHS in 1981 strongly suggest that Chikungunya virus is infectious via aerosol roadway. Chikungunya virus was being weaponized by the U.S. Army army when the offensive curriculum was terminated.”
Tanzania is one6 2 of “the two countries ” where bat coronaviruses were collected for the PREDICT6 3 campaign. Tanzania has one Biosafety Level 3( BSL3) laboratory, the privately owned Ifakara Health Institute, 64 which is partnering with PREDICT6 5 to propel “concurrent surveillance of wildlife and people in at-risk areas for viral spillover and spread.”
* South Africa — In South africans, which had a notorious apartheid-era biological weapons program, 66 EcoHealth Alliance has a$ 5-million Pentagon contract6 7( 2019 -2 024 ), “Reducing the Threat of Rift Valley Fever Through Ecology, Epidemiology and Socio-economics.” This is on top of a $4.9 -million grant6 8( 2014 -2 019 ), “Understanding Rift Valley Fever in the Republic of South Africa.”
The last human outbreak6 9 of Rift Valley Fever in South Africa occurs in 2010, when the government reported 237 shown cases, including 26 deaths from nine provinces. But there were also a few cases7 0 in 2018 among farmworkers who slaughtered infected animals during an eruption in sheep. The fever can spread from animals to humen if they come into linked with the blood and other body fluids of an fouled animal.
The U.S. military is currently conducting offensive biological weapons research7 1 on Rift Valley Fever. South Africa’s biological weapons program7 2 included the weaponization of Rift Valley Fever virus benefits from the U.S. authority.
Known as Project Coast, South Africa’s biological weapons program slaughtered anti-apartheid activists with narcotics and lethals, and attempted a genocide of the pitch-black majority by spreading AIDS7 3 and through the development of pathogens and vaccines7 4 that they are able to selectively attack black people with illness, demise and infertility.
Dr. Wouter Basson, 75 the project’s top scientist, told Pretoria High Court in South Africa that the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency warned him with demise, probably to prevented from revealing the deep connections between Project Coast and the U.S ., which had forced President F. W. de Klerk to shut down the project and completely destroyed records.
Basson worded the U.S. Middle for Disease Control as his source of eight shipments7 6 of Ebola, Marburg and Rift Valley viruses, but claimed that he had obtained the viruses by posing as a medical investigate and hiding his affiliation with the South African Defense Forces.
Surveys of at-bats in South africans detected no evidence7 7 of bats being natural carriers of Rift Valley Fever virus, but experimentations have shown that at-bats can be infected7 8 with it in a laboratory setting.
A bat coronavirus collected7 9 in South africans in 2011 was thought to be the closest known relative of the MERS-CoV virus that emerged in Saudi Arabia in 2012, until a 100 -percent match for MERS-CoV was detected by Daszak and his colleagues in viral RNA scraps from an Egyptian mausoleum bat8 0 encountered near the home of one of the first MERS victims in Saudi Arabia.
* Liberia — In Liberia, which didn’t ratify the Biological Weapons Convention until 2016,81 EcoHealth Alliance has a $4.91 -million8 2 Pentagon contract, 83 “Reducing the Threat from High-risk Pathogens Causing Febrile Illness in Liberia.” Febrile maladies include Ebola, which has been the subject of some of the most contentious dual-use research. 84
While the U.S. has a sordid record of biological artilleries experimentation on its own people — with conscientious objectors, 85 military “volunteers, “8 6 and the general public8 7 as frequent themes — there were some biological weapons tests8 8 the Department of Defense considered too unethical to play within the continental U.S. Those tests were conducted in other countries, including Liberia. 89
Likewise, mirroring medical experimentation9 0 on African Americans, there is a history of colonial medical experimentation in Liberia going back to 1926 when the Firestone9 1 tire fellowship financed cross-examines of local cankers they feared could curtail the profitability of their rubber plantations.
More recently, a flunked Pentagon-funded Ebola drug trial9 2 motived numerous Liberians to is hypothesized that the precede Ebola outbreak was the omission of Tekmira, the pharmaceutical busines that procreated TKM-1 00802. Doubt circumvented the official story, promoted9 3 by Daszak, that the West African Ebola outbreak happened because bats flew in with the Ebola Zaire virus from 2,500 miles away.
In January 2014, the Phase I trial9 4 for TKM-1 00802 was launched, but put one across clinical inhibit by the U.S. Food& Drug Administration due to high-pitched cytokine liberation in participants. In a dose-escalation, healthful volunteer study, one( of two) participates dosed at the highest level of 0* 5 mg/ kg suffered cytokine liberate disorder. 95
Cytokine release syndrome9 6 is a pro-inflammatory reaction that occurs when triggered lymphocytes and/ or myeloid cadres handout soluble immune arbitrators following administration of specific therapeutic operators, especially monoclonal antibodies. Onset can be rapid( within hours of organisation) and can be life-threatening.
Ultimately, TKM-1 00802 proved useless9 7 for Ebola patients, but the Pentagon’s $140 -million9 8 speculation, and the boost9 9 Tekmira’s stock knowledge on speculation that Ebola would soon spawn the next$ 1-billion drug, 100 drew numerous investors rich.
Suspicions were raised because the TKM-1 00802 Phase I trouble on healthy volunteers started in january 2014, before1 01 the first cases of the Ebola outbreak in March 2014.
Later, the World Health Organization’s Pierre Formenty detected the first case1 02 back to late December 2013, in Meliandou, Guinea. There, 50 rhythms from the dwelling of case zero, another investigate, Fabian Leendertz, 103 seen DNA scraps that coincided the Angolan free-tailed bat, a species known to survive experimental infections with Ebola.
Then, Daszak’s EcoHealth team experienced viral RNA fragments1 04 of Ebola Zaire in a greater long-fingered bat, caught up in 2016 in Liberia’s Sanniquellie-Mahn District, which borderlines Guinea. There was a 1982 article1 05 in Annals of Virology in which a trio of Germans reported meeting Ebola antibodies in 26 of 433 Liberians( 6 %). Bats aren’t the only place to look for Ebola.
There’s a BSL-4 lab that was cover Zaire Ebola before the pandemic in Kenema, Sierra Leone. This is where international law lawyer Francis Boyle, 106 a drafter of the U.S. Biological Artilleries and Anti-Terrorism Act transferred into statute in 1981, guesses the pandemic originated.
There’s likewise Liberia’s Monkey Island. As the Washington Post reported, 107 that’s where 66 chimps have been since 2004, once they are abandoned by the American scientists at the Liberian labs of the New York Blood Center. From 1974 to 2004, the New York Blood Center captivated mad chimps, involved them in medical experimentation and then liberated them back into the jungle in a projection known as Vilab II108( Virology Lab II ), which maintained a colony of 200 chimps.
Vilab II was constructed from the remains of the Liberian Institute of Tropical Medicine. Built by Firestone in 1946, the Liberian Institute of Tropical Medicine has since exerted 60 scientists, but by 1974, medical doctor Earl Reber1 09 was there alone with eight chimps. The seeds of the Liberian Institute of Tropical Medicine go back to the research begun in 1926 by Harvard Department of Tropical Medicine main Richard Pearson Strong.
Virus hunters like Daszak should have a keen interest in a population of chimpanzees that, for nearly 100 years, has been caught, administered with viruses and then liberated back into the wild, peculiarly considering the work of the researchers who administered the chimps.
The New York Blood Center is at the centres of a theory1 10 on the lineage of HIV/ AIDS, that it came from a contaminated Hepatitis B vaccine the centre for human rights distributed to homosexual souls from 1978 -1 981. The New York Blood Center likewise tested1 11 its vaccine on Liberians.
Richard Pearson Strong1 12 is infamous for killing 13 gentlemen when he polluted groupings of 24 inmates of Manila’s Bilibid Prison with plague through a adulterated cholera inoculation. That was prior to his work1 13 in Liberia, which is only now being explored, and also involved experimentations with humen as well as chimpanzees.
* Georgia — EcoHealth Alliance has a $6.5 -million Pentagon grant1 14 for “Understanding the Risk of Bat-borne Zoonotic Disease Emergence In Western Asia”( 2017 -2 022 ).
Arms Watch1 15 reports that this grant involves genetic studies on coronaviruses in 5,000 at-bats collected in Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Turkey and Jordan. The studies is to be carried out at the Lugar Center, a $161 -million Pentagon-funded biolaboratory in Georgia’s uppercase, Tbilisi. Russia claims1 16 the Georgia lab is the site of a U.S. biological weapons curriculum.
According to USASpending.gov, 117 EcoHealth Alliance have already received $2.88 million in gifts for work in Georgia. The Lugar Center is a matter for the labs that emcees EcoHealth Alliance’s Western Asia Bat Research Network. 118
* Malaysia — In Malaysia, which is only now in the process of creating a legislative framework1 19 for the purpose of implementing the Biological Weapons Convention, EcoHealth Alliance had a $1.6 -million Pentagon grant1 20( 2017 -2 019) for “Serological Biosurveillance for Spillover of Henipaviruses and Filoviruses at Agricultural and Hunting Human Animal Boundary in Peninsular Malaysia.”
There are no known an instance of filovirus infections in humen in Malaysia. But Malaysia is the origin of the Nipah virus, 121 first acknowledged in 1999, during an eruption among farmers and farmworkers in factory farms and slaughterhouses rendering pork.
The virus spread to Singapore. In all, there is indeed 265 cases of acute encephalitis with 105 demises, and the billion-dollar pig-farming industry roughly collapsed. No new eruptions have been reported in Malaysia since 1999.
Nipah virus, a zoonotic pathogen for which no managements exist, is the inspiration for the film “Contagion.”1 22 The virus is but experimented on in BSL-4 laboratories. The National Bio and Agro-Defence Facility in Kansas will be the first biocontainment facility1 23 in the U.S. where study on Nipah and Ebola( a filovirus) can be conducted on livestock.
In 2019, Nipah Malaysia was among the deadly virus stress shipped1 24 from Canada’s National Microbiology Lab to the WIV. Henipaviruses, 125 in the paramyxovirus kinfolk, were the first emerging diseases linked to at-bats.
In June 2012, in the same Chinese cave1 26( actually an age-old copper pit where workers doing cleanup had become sick and died) in which Daszak’s WIV colleagues noticed SARS-CoV-2’s most closely related coronavirus, another frequent traitor of Daszak’s, Zhiqiang Wu of the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, known a new henipavirus-like pathogen in a rat, reputation it the “Mojiang paramyxovirus, “1 27 after the county in Yunnan province where it was found.
Malaysia was the planned site of a BSL-4 laboratory run by the pharmaceutical companionship Emergent Biosolutions1 28 for the production of a halal version of the BioThrax vaccine. But that activity neglected. 129
In addition to the Pentagon funding, Dazsak procured $1.7 million in grants1 30( 2002 -2 005) from NIH’s Fogarty International Center for “Anthropogenic Change& Emerging Zoonotic Paramyxoviruses.” In 2012 -2 014, Daszak had a $569,700 concede from the National Fish and Wildlife Service for “Development of a Great Ape Health Unit in Sabah, Malaysia.”
Daszak has a brand-new National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases grant, 131 “Understanding Risk of Zoonotic Virus Emergence in EID Hotspots of Southeast Asia, ” for $1.5 million( 2020 ). The subsidy is for an “Emerging Infectious Diseases – South East Asia Research Collaboration Hub( EID-SEARCH) ” that “brings presidents in developing infection research from the U.S ., Thailand, Singapore and the three major Malaysian administrative neighborhoods together to build an early warning system to safeguard against pandemic canker menaces. This unit will recognize story viruses from Southeast Asian wildlife[ and] mark their ability to foul and cause illness in beings … “
Other Pentagon Contracts
EcoHealth Alliance had a$ 1-million Pentagon contract1 32( 2017 -2 019) for the purposes of an Inbound Bio-event Information System( IBIS ), “a web-based its implementation and early warning system for world-wide infectious disease bio-events that threaten the U.S. via international transportation networks.”
EcoHealth Alliance too had another $4.5 -million Pentagon contract( HDTRA1 15 C0041133) for 2015 -2 017. No other message is available on this contract other than that it is for “Applied Research/ Exploratory Development” in the “Physical, Engineering, and Life Discipline( except Biotechnology ). “
* Department of Homeland Security Contracts — EcoHealth Alliance has a $566,300 contract( 2019 -2 021) with the Department of Homeland Security for the Rapid Evaluation of Pathogens to Prevent Epidemics in Livestock( REPEL) project1 34 “to apply biological-based, pathogen agnostic medical countermeasure inoculation and diagnostic scaffolds to develop foreign animal and developing zoonotic cattle canker vaccines.”
* Department of Health and Human Services Funding — Daszak secured a $300,000 -grant1 35 in 2012 from NIH’s Fogarty International Center for investigate on “Comparative Spillover Dynamics of Avian Influenza In Endemic Countries.” While most of the investigate listed in the “results” section of the concede are flu-related, the committee is also includes the WIV’s paper, 136 “Isolation and Characterization of a Bat SARS-like Coronavirus that Use the ACE2 Receptor.”1 37
Daszak was given $ 3.7 million in grants1 38( 2002 -2 012) from NIH’s Fogarty International Center for “The Ecology, Emergence And Pandemic Potential of Nipah Virus in Bangladesh.”
The concessions Daszak be applicable to support the activities of the WIV were a $3.7 -million grant1 39( 2014 -2 020) “Understanding the Risk of Bat Coronavirus Emergence, ” and a $2.6 -million grant1 40( 2008 -2 012) “Risk of Viral Emergence From Bat, ” each from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases.
* U.S. Agency for International Development( USAID) Funding
In Thailand, EcoHealth Alliance has a $647,200 -grant1 41 for “One Health Workforce – Next Generation”( 2019 -2 020 ).
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