The University of California Santa Cruz sits nestled amongst colossal redwood trees, flanked by maritime chaparral, oak savannas and coastal wetlands teeming with life. It was here, while falling in love with the rich biodiversity of this target, that I began my profession in conservation photography. In the classroom, I studied how animal action is influenced by ecology and growth. Outside the classroom, I expended my daytimes sought for salamanders and photographing habituated deer browsing the manicured bushes of the dorms.

Image of a bobcat at UC Santa Cruz.

An almost fully grown bobcat kitten I called Henry perfumes the air for his mother, who was hunting gophers just on the other side of the hill in Santa Cruz, California.

The meadows bordering the school are prime environment for bobcats, and what began as merely interest immediately became an obsession. Tracking became my college boast. Sunrise would find me sought for signs of Lynx rufus throughout the Great Meadow, determined to outsmart camouflage with observation.

After a few brief glimpses of that nice, long-legged combination of confidence and nonchalance wandering into the woodland’s edge, I eventually met a pair of felines that would give me a charitable space into their lives. One period on the way home from academy, I investigated a female bobcat in a pasture hunting for gophers among the short, green grass. By this time, I had started learning how to read cat behavior. As she hunted, ears perked, gazes focused on a single smudge, I was able to approach within 30 grounds and determined she was joined by her virtually fully grown kitten, who I appointed Henry.

Henry watched quietly, learning how to listen for gophers, how to hurry for the catch and, ultimately, how to complete the prey. My 100 -4 00 mm lens shook in my hands as adrenaline free-flowed through my body–a reaction I’ve learned to control with go and ordeal but which rendered the majority of members of my shots of that day unusable. Nevertheless, I returned to the spot every day for the next two weeks.

What a surreal feeling it was, sitting day after day amidst this golden California grassland studded with ancient oaks and bordered by redwood groves, with these two beautiful wildcats siesta simply 20 feet away. Over two weeks’ time, we became increasingly pleasant with each other; it was the eventual advantage to be in the presence of something so mad hitherto to feel like friends. I experienced a connection to an animal in a way I hadn’t before as a silent dialogue seemed to unfold in the exchange of watches, signals and body language. I was fixed. Henry was the catalyst that contributed me to pursue photographing wildcats all around the world.

The Plight Of Small Wildcats

Of the 40 species of wildcat on this planet, 33 of these, including Henry, are considered small-scale cats, and they stray more than three one-fourths of the world’s terrestrial property mass. Though not almost a acclaimed as their bigger cousins, these small-minded “cat-o-nine-tails” have amazing fibs to tell.

Image of an Iberian lynx.

A male Iberian lynx is backlit by the rising sun as it traverses a grassland in the search of a female in the winter copulating season in the Sierra Morena of southern Spain. Iberian lynx are the world’s most endangered species of wildcat.

Fishing felines, for example, are uniquely adapted for a life aquatic, catching slick fish and frogs with their partly webbed feet and boasting a thick-witted mantle of skin that acts as a kind of wetsuit for cold-water chases. The critically endangered Iberian lynx, which currently clasps to life in the Mediterranean woodlands of southern Spain, is an extremely picky eater, almost exclusively preying on impetuou rabbits. Margays walk through the treetops with the greatest of ease, with a elude adaptation that enables them to vertically condescend from trees by revolving their hind foot 180 severities. The Andean elevation feline survives at extreme high altitudes across the Andes and has almost completely baffled the reach of researchers and photographers for decades. The adorably petite African black-footed cat is one of the deadliest hunters in the world, second only to African wild hounds and boasting an astonishing 60 percentage success rates. The inscrutable Borneo Bay Cat, endemic to the tropical forests of Borneo, remains a mystery to us altogether.

Sadly, of these 33 wildcat species, well over half are decreasing in population. Habitat loss and humiliation, illegal hunting, the pet trade and declined availability of target are all major threats to these felines. To realize concerns worse, small “cat-o-nine-tails” receive exactly 1 percent of the funding for cat conservation worldwide. And it is exactly the elusive nature of these animals that makes them so difficult to protect. Capturing footage of secretive, highly territory swine in thick-witted environments and extreme environments can be next to inconceivable. Without the photographs of these uncharted wildcats, nonetheless, it is impossible to generate the necessary awareness and empathy that have contributed to conservation action.

Challenge accepted.

Wildcat Tracking& Field Ethics

Despite my constant ambition to get the best possible shot, it was essential to to do so with ethical battleground tricks in judgment, business practices that intends ever prioritizing the well-being of the animal over anything else. This approach necessitates equanimity, in accordance with the clues and paying attention to the signs. Scoop up the allure created by an encounter without disturbing the animal or its environment. It’s commensalism at its finest.

Photographing wildcats: image of a Scottish wildcat.

The Scottish wildcat is one of the closest relatives of our domestic domesticated felines, so much so that they often hybridize. This individual exemplifies that with its small-scale psyche( idiosyncrasy of a domestic cat) and the thick-witted tail( wildcat attribute ). Taken in east Scotland.

Putting the animal first signifies I am never willing to bait or seduce swine to get the shot I want, a practice that can easily cause harm when various carnivores are attracted to a single nutrient beginning. Game raises, which grow “captive wildlife” for photography, are definitely out of the question as they employ predators for unadulterated earnings, often equipping miserable living conditions.

Fifteen years after that first bobcat experience, I is and remains sharpening my approaching and methods through continued observance, rehearsal, study and teaching. I regularly partner with researchers to expand my knowledge of biology, ecology and tracking, and to understand the broader environment in which my topics flourish. I learn its own language of my subjects as best I can and respect the limits they specify when out in the field.

Observation is key to photographing any wildlife successfully. Is the animal tightened? Is it hunting? Is it moving in a ongoing attitude as it scent-marks the territory of the state, and how will that influence my positioning? If a cat’s ears are pointed toward me, I know it is aware of my existence, even if the rest of its body is facing away from me. If the cat’s ears are down, it is downright angry. I compensate close attention for signs of discomfort. Bobcats, for example, will invoke their stubby tushes when disagreeable. I’ll stay equally as attuned to the signals I am sending as I am to that of the animals, eschewing any behavior that might indicate I’m a piranha. When I take the time to observe service animals, I often find myself in a position where the opportunity to approach will arise. It increases my chances of photographing behavior and often leads to the intimate, close-range shots I “ve been waiting for” in the first place.

Of course, shooting rare and elusive subjects like wildcats is not without irritation, downfall and mortification. I have made and continue to shape mistakes. A good example of one such mistake happened with a small spotted cat that lives in Argentina.

Image of a Geoffroy's cat.

An old-fashioned female Geoffroy’s Cat looks at me as I photograph her on the lawn of the guard station of Argentina’s Ibera Wetlands. She was by far the easiest cat I ever photographed, as she was so used to beings growing up in various regions of the park offices.

While searching for Geoffroy’s cat in the capybara-ridden Ibera Wetlands, I came across a melanistic sub-adult female. This is a very difficult cat to see, and one with this particular coloration is exceptionally rare. Despite years of experience photographing in the field at this top, I noted my aplomb contributed direction to staggering fervor in the moment, and before I knew it, the “cat-o-nine-tail” was gone. My clumsiness and hurried approaching be held accountable for really a single blurry enclose of a black cat running away.

Try long and hard enough, however, and the reinforce for persistence and mindfulness can be profound. It took two longer and longer and hard attempts to capture the Canada lynx. I had traveled to central Manitoba, where bitter temperatures left bones throbbing and bark raw. My territory: a single, snow-covered 6-mile extend of backcountry road. My mission: photograph the Canada lynx in its winter habitat.

Six-foot deep snowdrifts constructed moving on foot impossible, so my investigation had to be done from the vehicle. The car was murky with my breather; turning on the heater risked heat wave, wringing any portraits I might get. For a week, I drove backward and forward, back and forth, expend each hour of daytime looking for any sign of the “cat-o-nine-tail”: the fragile skulk of push through the trees; the oversized, snowshoe-like impressions left in the crystal-white snow. After 120 hours of subzero scouting, I was honored with a single sighting of a mom and her two kittens sprinting across the road, more fleeting an encounter to capture even a single frame.

If at first you don’t superseded, try, try again. Fourteen months later, I witnessed myself back along that freezing, snowy lag, driving back and forth, back and forth. As tracks appears to have been, I would extort an “x” to label the discern, looking for repeat sees, directional shows and blueprints that could be used to precede me to the prize. One early, morose morning, there was a cool, blue shoot across the boreal forest. I spotted a young rookie close to the road, sitting exactly a few feet from its momma and siblings. Straight away, he took an interest in me. I couldn’t repeat the mistakes of Argentina. It was time to be patient, abide locked into my statu and see the kitten’s behavior. It soon relaxed, with its gaze concentrated on faint chimes it would pick up with its tassel-covered ears. It was curious, like all “cat-o-nine-tails”, but seemed too lazy to make any actual hunting attempt. For 45 hours, we sat there together, in a majestic meeting that still fosters the hair on my forearm. The momentary peek of the family a year earlier was more fortunate than most will ever get, so the opportunity to share so much time with this highly elusive species was immeasurably special.

Image of a Canada lynx wildcat.

At 11 months old-fashioned, this Canada lynx kitten was forceful enough to check me out for a lengthy encounter in Manitoba. In a month’s time, it would disperse and look for its own territory to call home.

Getting The Shot

Though it can be impossible to control or even anticipate how a mad encounter will undo, planning and intention-setting is a critical part of getting the shots that will have the most impact. In my work, I’m always looking to craft and compose personas in a manner that was that drives emotional contact and resonance. I want to give my gathering something to hold onto, a space to engage with the animal.

Image of a pampas cat.

This fully grown and adorable pampas cat was photographed in the altiplano of western Bolivia at over 13,000 feet via camera trap.

For example, in my work documenting the Pampas cat, a small cat experienced throughout South America and commonly represented as a kind of stocky cat with a broad, unusual face, I wanted to bring to life more of its playfulness and vulnerability. I sought to bring out facets that felt more reminiscent of a housecat to make this small, inscrutable animal more relatable. Cute, as expected, leads a long way in beguile the heart of a narrative.

When considering composition, I generally prefer to focus my narration on the individual rather than the genus. I find portraiture, head-on composition and attention contact to be excellent ways to capture and evoke the personality of private individuals cat. Neuroscience research demonstrates that eye contact between humans activates social areas of the brain, and in my own experience, it’s no different between human and creature. It’s the key to associate, empathy, excitement and, ultimately, persuasive storytelling.

My gear when looking for the “cat-o-nine-tails” in person is rather straightforward. My 600 mm f/ 4 lens allows me to get portrait photos from a greater distance, while the fast opening conveys speedier autofocusing capabilities, specially when in low lighting. My favorite lens, a 100 -4 00 mm f/ 4-5. 6, gives me the flexibility to compose photos of the “cat-o-nine-tails” in their environment, telling a more contextual story.

The reality for some of the smaller wildcats is that they are so elusive, even the biologists who dedicate their lives to studying them often never have a single direct observance of their investigate subjects. Similarly, as you can imagine, the chances of photographing them can be rather slim. Camera traps are a splendid solution to this problem. This kind of photography also requires a tremendous amount of planning and saw. First, I have to select the best place, which requires understanding where and how the cat will move through its habitat. Which space will it walk down the trail, for example? There is nothing more forestalling than checking your catches simply to find frame after frame of a feline rear-end. Once you get the microhabitat right, you have to set your exposure and illuminating for the right time of day.

Image of an ocelot.

An ocelot slinks through the luxuriant and moisten rainforest of Panama. Though they are agile climbers, ocelots will often travel on the field to cover an orbit faster.

In 2013, I set out to photograph the strange Borneo bay cat, of which almost nothing is known. The only images that existed of this “cat-o-nine-tail” in the wild were low-res investigate shots. I drove alongside Borneo wildcat researcher Andrew Hearn, who, in four years of studying these swine with over 40 course cameras endlessly deployed across the island, had only captured 22 shots of this category. That equates to getting one bay cat photo every 2,654 daylights. This cat known to be to be elusive.

Borneo’s forests are a draconian target. By the end of the tour, I had more than 150 parasite gnaws, a worm that had tunneled through my paw and a graveyard of camera gear destroyed by the humidity. It is so wet there that I felt literal, perfectly assembled sprouts thriving out of my clothing.

It took two tours, 10 weeks and 10 different camera catches, but finally we emerged with the first high-resolution image of a Borneo bay cat in the wildernes. This single photo contributed significantly to an clause that intent up on the figurehead sheet of Yahoo !, which was seen by millions and induced beings to donate tens of thousands of dollars to research and conservation endeavors. Photography has the power to showcase these lesser-known cats and to create positive change for these incredible felines.

The Future Of Small Wildcats

Much still remains to be unveiled about these small-minded wildcats, and the opportunity to play even a small role in bringing them to more people’s attention is what drives me each and every day. As I endeavor to show through my work, these “cat-o-nine-tails” are nothing short of remarkable, both as individuals and as a highly derived categories, and are integral to the well-being and survival of environments worldwide.

Image of an Arabian caracal wildcat.

Arabian caracal in the vapour woodland of the war-torn country of Yemen. This photo was made during my first international duty, taking me to the mostly desert-filled country for three months.

Moreover, there is real conservation potential for these wildcats through ecotourism and photography tourism. In a response to increased demand from amateur and professional photographers alike to get their own portraits of bobcats, caracals, Iberian lynx, and more, I have propelled Cat Expeditions, which offers ethical photography expeditions around the world to find these lesser-known cats. These jaunts furnish an influx of money into neighbourhood economies, furnishing positive incentives to regionals to protect these categories and invest in tourism opportunities rather than shooting or eliminating them. Additionally, a higher volume of epitomes of these “cat-o-nine-tails” across social media and other forms of storytelling all contribute to deeper awareness, increased keep funding and, eventually, meaningful action.

Thanks to investigates, photographers and conservationists globally, “were having” constructed amazing strides in protection for big cat categories. But we have much more work to do if we want to ensure the survival of the broader felidae family. As we embark on telling the stories of our wild planet, let us not forget these small but mighty cats.

See more of Sebastian Kennerknecht’s work at

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